ISIS Report 03/06/09
Global Shift to Renewable Energies Happening
More renewable energies capacity added than conventional for the first time
in 2008 ISIS
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In 2008, for the first time, more renewable energy than conventional power
capacity was added in both the European Union and United States, showing a
 “fundamental transition of the world’s energy markets towards renewable
energy.” This is the finding of the Renewables Global Status Report released
by REN21, a global network based in Paris .
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Global power capacity from new renewable energies (excluding
large hydro) reached 280 GW in 2008, a 16 percent rise from the 240 GW in
2007, and nearly three times the capacity of the US nuclear sector.
This has come in the midst of an historic and global economic
crisis, Mohamed El-Ashry, Chair of REN21 points out.
At least 73 countries have renewable energy policy targets today,
up from 66 at the end of 2007.
Solar tops the list of renewable energies, just beating wind
power. Solar heating capacity increased by 15 percent to 145 GW. Grid-connected
solar photovoltaic power continued to be the fastest growing power generation
technology, with a 70 percent increase in existing capacity to reach 13 GW.
Spain became the solar photovoltaic market leader, with 2.6 GW of new grid-tied
installations. The concentrating solar power industry saw many new entrants
and new manufacturing facilities in 2008. Solar hot water in Germany set record
growth in 2008, with over 200,000 systems installed.
Global wind power capacity grew by 29 percent in 2008 to reach
121 GW. China’s total wind power capacity doubled in 2008 for the fifth year
running, and developing countries, particularly
China and India are increasingly playing major roles in both
the manufacture and installation of renewable energy. India emerged in 2008
as a major producer of solar photovoltaics, with new policies leading to $18
billion in new manufacturing investment plans or proposals.
The recent growth of the sector [of renewable energies] has
surpassed all predictions, even those made by the industry itself,” says El-Ashry.
New investment reached $120 billion, up 16 percent over 2007.
Geothermal power capacity surpassed 10 GW in 2008, led by the
United States. Direct geothermal energy delivered by ground source heat pumps
is now used in at least 76 countries.
Among the many new renewable energy targets set in 2008, Australia
targeted 45 TWh of electricity by 2020. Brazil’s is seeking to slightly increase
through 2030 its existing share of primary energy from renewable energy (46
percent in 2007), and its electricity share (87 percent in 2007).
India increased its target to 14 GW of new renewables capacity
Japan set new targets for 14 GW of solar photovoltaic capacity by 2020 and
53 GW by 2030.
The EU formally adopted its target to reach a 20 percent share
of renewable energy in final consumption by 2020, setting also country-specific
targets for all member states.
Feed-in tariffs were adopted at the national level in at least
five countries for the first time in 2008 and early 2009, including Kenya,
the Philippines, Poland, South Africa, and Ukraine.
The REN21 report also shows that several hundred cities and local
governments around the world are planning or implementing renewable energy
policies and frameworks linked to carbon dioxide emissions reduction.
- “Growth of renewables transforms global energy picture”, Environment News
Service, 13 May 2009, http://www.ens-newswire.com/ens/may2009/2009-05-13-01.asp
- “Renewable Global Status Report: energy transformation continues despite
economic slowdown” REN21 press release, 13 May 2009, http://www.iea.org/files/REN21_Press_Release.pdf
There are 3 comments on this article so far. Add your comment
|Santhanam R. Comment left 4th June 2009 13:01:10|
One needs to factor in Fuel cells. It has already developed into commercially available generators which run on natural gas methane CH4 which is used for hydrogen supply. Alternatively it uses hydrogen gas straight, although it is difficult to store and use.These are being manufactured in India with US collaboration already. Major use is in Telecom industry in repeater stations as standby or remote locations power supply.Such power generation also reduces power losses in transmission since it is produced and consumed in a decentralised manner.
|Mike Rogers Comment left 4th June 2009 05:05:17|
Don't forget solar thermal. It won't run a computer (in a residential setting--there are industrial scale electric generation solar thermal systems), but it's a good cost-effective first step.
Check out a short description of a video project we’re starting on. Of interest here because the concept trial piece is about solar hot water. See http://greenhomesamerica.wordpress.com/2009/06/03/solar-hot-water-video/
|solarforum24.de Comment left 7th July 2009 00:12:05|